AAx GLOSSARY

A Reference of Terms used in Business Computing & Communications


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INDEX - Alphabetical

ACK - ASCII control code for success (acknologement) - (Computers)
ADMD - X.400 Administration Management Domain - (Networks)
ADSL - Asymmetrical Digitial Subscriber Line - (Telecom)
ANSI - American National Standards Institute - (Business)
API - Application Program Interface - (Programming)
Archie - Internet information search tool - (Ineternet)
ARPA - Original name of DARPA - (Internet)
ASCII - - (Computers)
ASTM - American Society for Testing Materials - (Business)
ATM - Asynchronous Tranfer Mode - (Telecom)
ATM - Automated Teller Machine - (Operating Systems)
Assembler - Programming tool - (Programming)
Assembly - Programming Language - (Programming)
Async - Asynchronous Communications - (Telecom)

B2B - Business to Business - (Business)
B2C - Business to Consumer - (Business)
Bandwidth - Network transmission capacity - (Networks)
Basic Rate - ISDN service level, 1-D channel, 2 B channels - (Telecom)
Baud, Baud Rate - (obsolete) signaling elements / second - (Networks)
Bell 103, Bell 212A - Modem standards - (Telecom)
BFWTS - Big Freak'n Web Tone Switch - (Internet)
big-endian - data storage / transmission order - (Computers)
Big Iron - Mainframe computers - (Computers)
BISYNC - Bisynchronous Communciations - (Telecom)
BITNET - An academic / research network - (Internet)
BizTalk - Mcrosoft e-commerce system - (EDI (XML))
Blue Screen of Death - BSOD, a Microsft "Feature" - (Operating System)
BOC - Bell Operating Company - (Telecom)
bps - Bits per second (transmission speed) - (Networks)
Broadband - Modulated carier transmission - (Networks)
Browser - Client software for accessing http services - (Internet)
BSC - Bisynchronous Communications - (Telecom)
BSOD - Blue Screen of Death - (Operating Systems)

CAP - Carrierless Amplitude Phase - DSL protocol - (Telecom)
CAT-5 - UTP Network / Telecom Cable - (Cabling)
Category-3/4/5 - UTP Network / Telecom Cable - (Cabling)
CDSL - Consumer DSL - (Telecom)
CIX - Commercial Internet Exchange - (Business)
CLEC - Competitive Local Exchange Carrier - (Telecom)
CMC - Common Messaging Calls - (Networks (e-mail))
CNLP - Connectionless Network Protocol - (Networks)
CO - Central Office - (Telecom)
CO Line - Wire between your demarc and the Central Office - (Telecom)
CommereceNet - EDI by XML standards body - (Business)
Concurrent CP/M - Multiuser PC Operating System - (Operating Systems)
Concurrent DOS - Multiuser PC Operating Systems - (Operating Systems)
Connectionless - Network transmission method - (Networks)
Country Code - Two character ISO3166 country abbreviations - (Internet (e-mail))
CPE - Customer Premise Equipment - (Telecom)
CP/M, CP/M80, CP/M86 - PC Operating Systems - (Operating Systems)
CPU - Central Processing Unit - (Computers)
Cracker - Hacker term for one who breaks into computers - (Programming)
CRC - Cyclic Redundancy Check - (Computers)
CRC Error - Failure of a CRC check, Bad data or bad read - (Computers)
CRM - Customer Resource Planning - (Business)
CTI - Computer Telephone Integration - (Telecom)

Daemon - A background process - (Operating Systems)
DARPA - Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency - (Internet)
DDoS, DoS - Distributed Denial of Service, Denial of Service - (Internet)
DECnet - Digital Equipment Corporation Network - (Networks)
DHCP - Dynamic Host Control Protocol - (Internet)
Dial-up Line - plain telephone line or non-dedicated ISDN line (Telecom)
Dial-Up Networking - (DUN) Microsoft WAN Networking - (Networking)
DISA - Data Interchange Standards Association - (Business)
DLCI - Data Link Connection Identifier - ATM - (Telecom)
DMT - Discrete MultiTone, DSL protocol - (Telecom)
DNS - Domain Name Service - (Internet)
Domain - named organizational partition of a network - (Network)
Domain, Internet - Internet subnet naming system - (Internet)
Domain, Top Level - Highest level Ineternet subnet - (Internet)
Domain Name Service - DNS - (Internet)
DOS - MS DOS, PC DOS, DR DOS - (Operating Systems)
DOS, DOS VM - IBM Mainframe operating system - (Operating Systems)
DoS, DDoS - Denial of Service, Distributed DoS - (Internet)
DR DOS - MS DOS compatible PC operating system - (Operating Systems)
DSL - Digital Subscriber Line - (Telecom)
DSLAM - DSL Access Multiplexor - (Telecom)
DSU, DSU/CSU - Digital Service Unit / Channel Service Unit - (Network)
DTD - Data Type Definition (XML) - (Internet)
DUN - Dial-Up Networking (Microsoft) - (Networks)
DWDM - Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing - (Telecom)

EBCDIC - IBM character code (contrast to ASCII) - (Computers)
ECMA - European Computer Manufacturer's Association - (Business)
EDI - Electronic Data Interchange - (EDI)
EDI-INT - EDI on the Internet - (EDI, (e-mail))
EDIFACT - European EDI standards - (Business)
EPABX - Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange - (Telecom)
ERP - Enterprise Resource Planning - (Business)
Ethernet - Dominant network transport protocol - (Networks)
Exchange Server - Microsoft proprietary e-mail system - (Networks)
Extranet - Wide Area Intranet - (Internet)

Fifth Generation - Japanese programming project - (Programming)
Fourth Generation - Database Languages - (Programming)
Full duplex - Bidirectional, both directions at once - (Networks)
Frame Relay - (Networks, Communications)
FSAN - Full Service Access Netwrk (standards group) - (Business)
FTP - File Tranfer Protocol - (Internet)
Future I/O - I/O Bus (extinct, see InfiniBand) - Computers

G.SHDSL - new spec for Symmetric High Speed DSL - (Telecom)
G.Lite - form of ADSL requiring less hardware - (Telecom)
gbps - Gigabits per Second - (Networks)
Gopher - Server system to allow Internet searches - (Internet)
Ground Start - Method for getting dial tone - (Telecom)

Hacker - (complex, see definition) - (Programming)
Half Duplex - Bidirectional, one direction at a time - (Networks)
Hard Disk - Rigid magnetic coated platter - (Computers)
Hard Disk - (various improper usages) - (Computers)
Hard Disk Drive - Magnetic Storage Device - (Computers)
HDSL - High Bit Rate DSL - (Telecom)
HDSL-2 - High-speed DSL-2, SDSL standard that flopped - (Telecom)
Hunt Group - Group of telephone numbers acting as one - (Telecom)

IANAL - I Am Not A Lawyer - (Jargon)
ICE - Information and Content Exchange (XML) - (Internet)
IDSL - Digital Subscriber Line at ISDN speed - (Telecom)
IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers - (Business)
IEEE 1394 - "Fire Wire" PC Peripheral Bus - (Computers)
IETF - Internet Engineering Task Force - (Business)
ILEC - Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier - (Telecom)
IMPP - Instant Messaging and Presence Protocol - (Internet)
Instant Messaging - Pop-up real-time email - (Internet)
InterLATA - Calls with both ends in different LATAs - (Telecom)
Internet - "The Internet" - (Internet)
internet - any network of networks - (Networks)
InterNIC - Internet users Network Information Center - (Internet)
Intranet - Local Area Internet - (Internet)
IOS - Internet Operating System (Cisco routers) - (Computers)
IP - Internet Protocol - (Internet)
IPX/SPX - Novell NetWare network protocol - (Networks)
ISA - Industry Standard Architecture (AT Bus) - (Computers)
ISDN - Integrated Services Digital Network - (Telecom)
ISO - International Standard Organization (list) - (Business)
ISO 9000 - Quality Procedures Standard - (Business)
ISO 7-layer Protocol - ISO Network Protocol - (Networks)
IVR - Interactive Voice Response - (Telecom (CTI))

kbps - Kilobits per second (transmission speed) - (Networks)
KSU - Key Service Unit - Small office telephone system - (Telecom)

LATA - Local Access Transport Area - (Telecom)
LDAP - Lightweight Directory Access Protocol - (Internet)
LEC - Local Exchange Carier - (Telcom)
Leased Line - a dedicated phone line - (Telecom)
Linux - Unix by the people, for the people - (Operating Systems)
little-endian - data storage / transmission order - (Computers)
Local Loop - Wire from customer demarc to central office - (Telecom)
Loop Start - method for getting dial tone - (Telecom)

Mailbox - "container" for messages - (Networks)
Mainframe - Most powerful business computers, "big iron" - (Computers)
MAN - Metropolitan Area Networks - (Telecom)
MAPI - Messaging API (Microsoft) - (Networks(e-mail))
MASQ - Router / PAT / Firewall - (Internet)
Mbps - Megabits per second - (Networks)
MCA - Microchanel Architecture, IBM bus architecture - (Computers)
MDF - Main Distribution Frame - (Telecom)
MHS - Message Handling System (ISO std.) - (Networks)
Microchannel - MCA, IBM peripheral bus for PS/2 computers - (Computers)
MIME - Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions - (Internet)
MPLS - Multiprotocol Label Switching - (Internet)
MP/M - Multiuser PC Operating System - (Operating Sysstems)
MRP - Material Requirement Planning - (Business)
MS - Message Store (X.400 e-mail) - (Networks)
MS - Microsoft
MS DOS - PC Operating System from Microsoft - (Operating Systems)
MTA - Message Transfer Agent (X.400 e-mail) - (Networks)
Multics - Father of Unix - (Operating Systems)
Multiplex - Combine multiple voice or data streams into a single signal - (Telecom)
Multiuser DOS - Multiuser PC Operating Systems - (Operating Systems)
MVS - IBM Mainframe Operating System - (Operating Systems)
MX - Mail Exchange - (Networks (e-mail))

NCC - Network Control Center - (Networks)
NetBEUI - NetBIOS Enhance User Interface - (Network)
NetBIOS - Network Basic Input Output System - (Network)
Next Generation I/O - I/O Bus (extinct, see InfiniBand) - (Computers)
NGIO - Next Generation I/O (extinct, see InfiniBand) - (Computers)
NITF - News Industry Text Format (XML) - (Internet)
NNTP - Network News Transport Protocol (Usenet) - (Internet)
NOC - Network Operations Center - (Networks)
NSFNET - National Science Foundation Network - (Internet)

OBI - Open Buying on the Internet - (EDI (Internet))
OLT - Optical Line Terminal - central office equipment - (Telecom)
ONU - Optical Network Unit - subscriber end termination - (Telecom)
Operating System - System Software - (Operating Systems)
OS - Operating System - (Operating Systems)
Object Oriented - Current "latest & greatest" programming method - (Programming)
Outlook - Client for access to Microsoft Exchange Server - (Networks)

PABX - Private Automatic Branch Exchange - (Telecom)
Passive Optical Network - (Telecom)
PAT - Port Address Translation - (Internet)
PBNM - Policy Based Network Management - (Networks)
PBX - Private Branch Exchange - (Telecom)
PC - Personal Computer - (Computers)
PC - Politically Correct - (Business)
PC DOS - MS DOS enhanced by IBM - (Operating Systems)
PCI, PCI-X - Peripheral I/O bus - (Computers)
PHB - Pointy Haired Boss, from Dilbert - (Business)
PGP - Pretty Good Privacy - (Security)
PGP/MIME - Secure e-mail message protocol - (Internet)
Plenum Cable - Cable for use in air return passages - (Cabling)
Plug and Play - "Plug and Pray" - (Computers)
Policy Based Network Management - PBNM - (Networks)
PON - Passive Optical Network - (Telecom)
Pop - retrieve a variable from the stack - (Programming)
POP - Point Of Presence - (Internet)
POP, POP3 - Post Office Protocol - (Internet)
POS - Point Of Sale - (Business)
POS - Piece of Shit - (Jargon)
POTS - Plain Old Telephone Service - (Telecom)
PPP - Point to Point Protocol - (Ineternet)
Primary Rate - ISDN service level, 1 D channel, 23 B channels - (Telecom)
PRMD - X.400 - Private Management Domain - (Networks)
Programming - (Programming)
Project Pronto - SBC (Southern Bell Companies) PON/DSL project - (Telecom)
Protocol - Agreed on rules by which two processes interact - (Networks)
PSDN - Public Switched Data Network - (Telecom)
PSTN - Public Switched Telephone Network - (Telecom)
PTT - Postal, Telephone and Telegraph - (Telecom)
Push - Store a variable on the stack - (Programming)
PVC - Permanent Virtual Circuit - (Telecom)

QDOS - Quick and Dirty Operating System - (Operating Systems)
QOS - Quality of Service - (Telecom)

RADSL - Rate Adaptive DSL - (Telecom)
RARE - Reseaux Associes pour la Recherche Europeene - (Business)
RAS - Remote Access Server (Microsoft) - (Networking)
RBOC - Regional Bell Operating Company - (Telecom)
Remote Procedure Call - (RPC) Heart of Client-Server computing - (Networks)
Replacation - Copying a databse or directory to another server - (Networks)
RFC[number] - Request for Comment - (Internet)
RIPE - Reseaux IP Europeene - (Business)
RosettaNet - EDI by XML standards body - (Business)
RPC - Remote Procedure Call - (Networks)
Ring - (Tip & Ring) - The two wires of a standard phone line - (Telecom)

S/MIME - Secure e-mail message protocol - (Internet)
Schema - XML Working Committee - (Internet)
Script Kiddie - Wannabe hacker - (Internet)
SDSL - Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line - (Telecom)
Server - Computer or Process offering services or resources - (Networks)
SGML - Standard Generalized Markup Language - (Internet)
SLIP - Serial Line Internet Protocol - (Internet)
SNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol - (Networks)
SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol - (Internet)
Spaghetti Code - Programming method - (Programming)
SPX - Novell Netware protocol (IPX/SPX) - (Networks)
Stack - Memory storage area used by programs - (Programming)
Standard - A specification issued by a Standards Body - (Business)
Standards Body - An organization that issues standards - (Business)
Stack, Protocol - Layered organization of network functions - (Networks)
SVC - Switched Virtual Circuit - (Telecom)
Synchronization - Making two databases or directories identical - (Networks)

TCO - Total Cost of Ownership - (Business)
TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol - (Internet)
TCPBEUI - NetBIOS over TCP/IP - (Networks)
TDM / TDMA - Time Division Multiplexing - (Telecom)
Telnet - Terminal emulation over a network - (Networks)
Terminal - Display and Input device - (Computers)
Terminal Equipment - Equipment terminating a transmission line - (Telecom)
Timeshare - Sharing a large computer - (Networks)
Tip & Ring - The two wires of a standard phone line - (Telecom)
Third Generation - Programming Languages - (Programming)
TLA - Three Letter Acronym - (Jargon)
Token Ring - IBM's Network Protocol - (Networks)

UA - User Agent (X.400 e-mail) - (Networks)
UDDI - Universal Description Discovery and Integration - (Internet)
UDP - User Datagram Protocol - (Internet)
UN/CEFACT - European EDI standards body - (Business)
UN/EDIFACT - European EDI standard - (Business)
Unix - Operating System - (Operating Systems)
Unshielded Twisted Pair - UTP - (Cabling)
Usenet - Internet NewsGroups - (Internet)
UTP - Unshielded Twisted Pair - (Cabling)
UUCP - Unix to Unix Copy Program - (Internet)
UUENCODE, UUDECODE - Unix to Unix Encode / Decode - (Internet)

VAN - Value-Added Network - EDI - (Business)
VDSL - Very High Bit Rate DSL - (Telecom)
Veronica - Internet information search utility - (Internet)
VESA - Peripheral bus for fast video cards - (Computers)
Voice Mail - Fancy computerized answering machine - (Telecom)
VOS30 - Unix varient for Periphonics CTI - (Computers)
VPI/VCI - Virtual [Packet Circuit] Identifier - ATM - (Telecom)

WAIS - Wide Area Information Service - (Internet)
WAN - Wide Area Network - (Telecom)
WAP - Wireless Application Protocol - (Networks)
Wide Area Information Service - WAIS - (Internet)
Web Browser - Client software for accessing http services - (Internet)
Web Tone - Sun's vision of the future - see BFWTS - (Internet)
WML - Wireless Markup Language - (Networks)
World Wide Web - WWW Internet service - (Internet)
WSDL - Web Services Description Language - (Internet)
WTF - What The Fuck!? - (Jargon)
WWW - World Wide Web Internet service - (Internet)

X - Graphic environment used with Unix, Linux, OS/2, etc. - (Computers)
X 11 - A popular version of X - (Computers)
X12 - EDI standard defining documents - (Business)
X Client - An application that uses an X Server - (Computers)
X Server - A server process running on an X workstation - (Computers)
X Windows - X (common misnomer for X) - (Computers)
X.25 - a leased line telecommunications protocol - (Telecom)
X.400 - A mail transfer protocol - (Networks)
X.500 - ITU/ISO email directory protocol - (Networks)
xDSL - [any variety]DSL - Digital Subscriber Line - (Telecom)
Xenix - Unix variant for early PCs - (Operating Systems)
XFree86 - A free version of X running on Intel processors - (Computers)
Xmodem - A modem data transfer protocol - (Telecom)
XML - eXtensible Markup Language - (Internet)

Y modem - A modem data transfer protocol - (Telecom)
Z modem - A modem data transfer protocol - (Telecom)

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